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The Great East Japan Earthquake - the sequence of events (in chronological order)

March 11, 2011 at 14:46 JST. The Tohoku Regional Bureau entered a “state of emergency” at the same time as the occurrence of earthquake. We believe that this was the same case for other institutions. The sequence of events has been organized here in chronological order. The record starts from the moment when the earthquake struck the area until the time that the restoration of affected area was completed to certain extent.
The state of emergency in the Great East Japan Earthquake was lifted and downgraded to an alert on July 11, the 121st day after the occurrence of the earthquake. The record shows that it was the 87th day after the occurrence of the earthquake in case of the Great Hanshin earthquake 18 years ago. This means that we had the state of emergency for nearly one month longer than we did in the Great Hanshin earthquake.
Events and topics in other part of Japan were also included in the sequence.

※Events on March 11 and 12 were recorded in hours and minutes.
  Events in the Tohoku Regional Bureau Events in other part of Japan
2011
March 11 14:46 JSTThe Tohoku Regional Bureau entered a state of emergency.
Power and water supply were cut off in the Bureau office, and the emergency power system was activated automatically to replace the power source.
The occurrence of the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku (a.k.a. the Great East Japan Earthquake).
Magnitude 8.8 (provisional; revised later)
A seismic intensity of 7 was registered in Kurihara, Miyagi Prefecture.
14:49 JST The Japan Meteorological Agency issued a warning of massive tsunami along the Pacific coast of Japan; there was a warning of maximum 6-meter tsunami to Miyagi Prefecture.
15:08 JST A magnitude 7.4 aftershock was registered.
15:14 JST The Government of Japan set up the Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters.
15:15 JSTThe Bureau chief issued the first instruction.A magnitude 7.7 aftershock was registered.
15:18 - 50 JST The largest wave of the tsunami struck the areas along the Pacific coast of Japan.
15:20 JSTThe liaisons arrived in Miyagi Prefecture. 
15:21 JSTThe Kamaishi Port Office was flooded by the tsunami. 
15:23 JSTAn emergency rescue helicopter “Michinoku” took off from Sendai Airport. 
15:25 JST A magnitude 7.5 aftershock was registered.
15:26 JSTThe Kesennuma National Highway Office was flooded by the tsunami. 
15:45 JST The first MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Meeting was held.
16:02 JSTSendai Airport was flooded by the tsunami. 
16:04 JSTThe Shiogama Port Office and the Tohoku Engineering Office were flooded. 
16:10 JST3 places on 3 routes were completely closed to traffic, including Route 4. 
16:12 JST The Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting was held with all the cabinet members present.
16:20 JST The Japan Meteorological Agency named the earthquake “the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku”.
17:30 JSTThe Bureau chief received a call from the governor of Miyagi Prefecture, who requested “road clearance of the Tohoku Expressway ASAP”. 
19:00 JSTSafety of 85% of the staff was confirmed. 
19:03 JST Following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, the Japanese Government declared a “state of nuclear emergency”.
19:35 JSTLiaisons were dispatched to the Koriyama National Highway and Kagamiishi, Fukushima Prefecture. Liaisons were dispatched to each municipality as they became ready. 
21:05 JSTAn advance party of the TEC-FORCE and the first squad of the Chubu Regional Bureau left for the meeting place, the Koriyama National Highway Office. Subsequently, teams from other Regional Bureaus also left for the same meeting place. 
21:23 JST The Japanese Government ordered the residents within a radius of 3 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to evacuate, and the residents within a radius of 10 km to stay inside.
22:00 JSTIn the fourth MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference), the Bureau chief reported the status and gave his opinion. The ministerial order was given: “The first priority is to save people’s lives. Consider you a representative of the MLIT. Do whatever it takes.” 
23:33 JSTThe instruction from the Bureau chief: “Assume the largest disaster along the Pacific coast of Tohoku. Prepare for the worst. First, collect information as much as possible. Second, clear the road for rescue and transportation routes. Third, support the prefectural and municipal offices. 
March 12  “Teeth of a Comb” 12 routes were designated. 
0:20 JSTThe MLIT head office requested large dredger/oil recovery ships (Hakusan, Seiryu-maru, Kaisho-maru) to stand by for dispatch. 
0:30 JSTThe Bureau requested the MLIT head office to dispatch 10 pumper trucks. 
3:59 JST The magnitude 6.7 Northern Nagano Earthquake occurred. The epicenter was Sakae village in the northern part of Nagano Prefecture. A seismic intensity of 6 or greater was registered.
6:00 JSTThe road clearance works were started in Yamamoto of Miyagi Prefecture (Route 6). 
6:05 JSTThe rescue helicopter “Michinoku” took off from Fukushima Airport. 
7:00 JSTThe Bureau chief reported the status in the fifth MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
7:40 JST42 places on 8 routes were completely closed to traffic. 
9:00 JSTThe road clearance works were started in Kamaishi. 
9:38 JSTAn advance party of the TEC-FORCE and the first squad of the Chubu Regional Bureau (four people) arrived at the Koriyama National Highway Office. 
10:00 JSTThe road clearance works of Route 45 were started in Miyako.
The Tohoku Branch Office of the Japan Dredging and Reclamation Engineering Association came to the Tohoku Regional Bureau.
 
11:00 JST The Tohoku Expressway and the Joban Expressway were opened to traffic as emergency transportation routes.
12:45 JSTKaisho-maru (large dredger/oil recovery ship) left the Port of Kitakyushu. 
14:00 JST“Teeth of a Comb” 9 routes were opened to traffic. 
15:36 JST Hydrogen explosion occurred at Unit 1 of the TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
16:00 JSTThe Bureau requested the Tohoku Branch Office of the Japan Dredging and Reclamation Engineering Association to undertake channel clearance in ports and harbors. 
18:50 JSTHakusan (large dredger/oil recovery ship) left the Port of Niigata. 
20:00 JSTThe eighth MLIT Emergency Disaster Response meeting (teleconference) was held.
“Teeth of a Comb” 13 routes were designated.
“Teeth of a Comb” 11 routes were opened to traffic.
The inspection of rivers, except for the river months, was completed. The Bureau reported that it sent liaisons to 12 municipalities of four prefectures.
 
20:20 JST The massive tsunami warning was lifted, and downgraded to a tsunami warning.
The Government ordered residents within a radius of 20 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant to evacuate.
22:00 JSTDamage was found at 236 facilities in 5 rivers, such as levees, etc. 41 places on 6 routes (national highway) were completely closed to traffic. Damage was found in 9 ports. 
March 13 “Teeth of a Comb” 16 routes were designated.
The pumper trucks, which were sent by request of Ishinomaki and Higashimatsushima, started operations.
The first relief supplies were delivered to Rikuzentakata.
Seiryu-maru (large dredger/oil recovery ship) left the Port of Nagoya.
A kick-off ceremony for the TEC-FORCE formation was held. 232 members of 64 squads were sent to sites.
The Bureau chief reported the status in the 11th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference).
The Japan Meteorological Agency corrected the magnitude of the main shock of the earthquake to 9.0.

The tsunami warning was downgraded to an advisory (7:30 JST).

The tsunami advisory was called off (17:58).
March 14 “Teeth of a Comb” 14 routes were opened to traffic.
The channel clearance works began in the Port of Hachinohe, Kuji, Kamaishi, Miyako, and Sendaii-Shiogama (Minato, Sendai).
Hakusan (large dredger/oil recovery ship) began survey inside the Port of Miyako.
The procurement team was organized.
Notice of “suspension of ongoing works and operation” was sent out.
“The Great East Japan Earthquake information site” was added on the website of the Tohoku Regional Bureau.
Hydrogen explosion occurred at Unit 3 of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
March 15/td> “Teeth of a Comb” 15 routes were opened to traffic.
The squad of the TEC-FORCE (National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management) left Kurihama for the affected ports.
Seiryu-maru (large dredger/oil recovery ship) came alongside the berth for discharging relief supplies in the Port of Kamaishi.
A fire broke out in Unit 4 of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
The Japanese Government ordered the residents within a radius of 30 km of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant to stay inside.
The debris clearance works on the 1,500 m runaway of Sendai Airport were completed.
Operation of helicopters began.
Japanese Emperor made a televised address to the nation.
March 16 The Bureau chief reported the status at the 16th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarter meeting (teleconference).
Drainage in Sendai Airport began.
The navigational channel survey to accommodate oil tankers began in the Port of Sendai-Shiogama (Minato, Shiogama).
The 1,500 m runway of Sendai Airport was reopened to limited traffic of relief planes of the JSDF, etc.
March 17 The channel clearance works began in the Port of Ishinomaki and Sendai-Shiogama (Minato, Shiogama).
Kaisho-maru (large dredger/oil recovery ship) came alongside the berth for discharging relief supplies in the Port of Sendai-Shiogama (Minato, Sendai).
 
March 18 Operation “Teeth of a Comb” was completed. 97% of Route 45 and Route 6 were reopened to traffic.
The General Headquarter of the TEC-FORCE was formed.
The channel clearance works in the Port of Onahama began.
The death toll exceeded 6,434, the number in the Great Hanshin-Awaji earthquake, according to the National Police Agency.
March 19 The Mizujiri Bridge, replaced by a temporary bridge, was reopened to traffic.
A “Temporary Bulletin Board for the Affected Municipalities” was added to the website of the Tohoku Regional Bureau.
 
March 20 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 20th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference).
The channel clearance works began in the Port of Ofunato
 
March 21 An oil tanker entered the Port of Sendai-Shiogama.
The Bureau chief sent letters to the leaders of the affected municipalities, encouraging use of available support of the MLIT; for instance, “tell our liaisons the needs of the municipalities for humanitarian support, daily necessities, materials, machinery, etc.”
 
March 22 The Bureau chief sent letters to the leaders of the affected municipalities again. At the end of the letters, he added, “consider me a dealer of black market, not a Bureau chief”.
English translation of the letters was uploaded on the page “Information related to the Great East Japan Earthquake” in the Tohoku Regional Bureau website.
The members of other Regional Bureaus’ TEC-FORCE were getting appointed as liaisons. The Bureau chief reported the status in the 22nd MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference).
Emergency provisions were distributed to all the staff.
 
March 23 The channel clearance works were completed. 10 ports along the Pacific coast of Tohoku were ready to receive emergency relief supplies.
96 liaisons were dispatched to 31 municipalities in 4 prefectures (at its peak).
Spring Koshien, or the National High School Baseball Invitational Tournament, was held, with a slogan, “Ganbaro! Nippon” (means, “Let’s stay strong, Japan!”).
March 25  The death toll exceeded 10,000, according to the National Police Agency.
March 27 The survey of the Port of Soma began. 
March 28 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 25th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
March 29  The 3,000 m runway of Sendai Airport was reopened to traffic.
March 30 “Ganbaro! Tohoku” stickers started being used. 
March 31 The Soka Town Association made a donation of a number of school supplies and satchels for kids in Otsuchi (the Soka Town Association happened to notice the information posted on the “Temporary Bulletin Board for the Affected Municipalities” of the Tohoku Regional Bureau website.).
The material and machinery supply project to the affected municipalities (the “dealer of black market” project) was completed.
 
April 4 The Nijyuichihama Bridge, replaced by a temporary bridge, was reopened to traffic.The earthquake was officially named “the Great East Japan Earthquake” by the Japanese Government.
April 5 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 34th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
April 7  A magnitude 7.2 aftershock, with a seismic intensity of 6 or greater, was registered in northern Miyagi Prefecture.
April 8 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 37th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
April 10 Entire Route 45, including some detours, was reopened to traffic. 
April 11 Notice of possible restart of suspended construction works and operation was sent out.The budget for the fiscal year 2011 was approved in the Diet.
A magnitude 7.0 aftershock was registered.
April 21  The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency raised the level of severity of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster to “7”.
April 13  Sendai Airport was reopened to commercial flights.
The flights between each local airport including Haneda and Osaka Airports were resumed.
April 14  The first Reconstruction Design Council of the Japanese Government was held.
April 16  Ohata, the minister of land, infrastructure, transport and tourism, visited the disaster-stricken area. The rescue helicopter Michinoku was originally scheduled to fly the minister to the area, but could take off due to some trouble, perhaps because of long continuous operation for days; the minister took a substitute helicopter.
April 22 Entire Route 6 in the restricted area was surveyed for the extent of damage. Detours for the affected sections were determined (2 days).The area within a radius of 20 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was designated as a “restricted area” (Futaba, Okuma, Tomioka, Minamisoma, Namie, Katsurao, Tamura, Kawauchi, Naraha)
The following areas were designated as a “deliberate evacuation area” (Iidate, Namie, Kawamata, Minamisoma, Katsurao).
The stay inside order for the area within a radius of 20 to 30 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was lifted.
April 25 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 42nd MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
May 2  The first supplementary budget for the fiscal year 2011 was approved in the Diet.
May 3  The JSDF began searching for the missing in the area within a radius of 10 km from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
May 6 Traffic on Route 6 within the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was secured via a detour. 
May 9 “The Environmental Roundtable Conference for the Sanriku South Coast and Ishinomaki Seaside Area” was established, and the first conference was held (Miyagi Prefecture and the Japanese Government). 
May 18 The counterpart (the Tohoku Regional Bureau), who supports restoration and reconstruction of the affected areas in Miyako and Minamisanriku, started its operation (10 members became in charge of 32 municipalities in 3 prefectures; their activities were expected to increase in phases). 
May 24  TEPCO announced the risk of a nuclear meltdown in Unit 2 and 3 of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
May 30 The Bureau chief reported the status at the 48th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarter meeting (teleconference). 
Jun 4 The dispatch of liaisons to municipalities was completed. 
Jun 20  The Basic Reconstruction Law was enacted.
Jun 25  The “Reconstruction Design Council” submitted the “Proposals for Reconstruction” to the Prime Minister.
Jun 26  Hiraizumi (Iwate Prefecture) was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
July 11 The emergency restoration works of the total about 12 km severely affected river levee were completed.
The “state of emergency” was downgraded to an “alert” in the Tohoku Regional Bureau.
 
July 16 - 17  The Tohoku Rokkon Sai Festival was held.
July 23  The Sendai Airport Line resumed its operations in some sections.
July 29 An award ceremony was held to honor those in the MLIT administration and those involved in the Great East Japan Earthquake who rendered distinguished services to the community. 
August An “Industry and Distribution System Reconstruction Plan” was established in ports along the Pacific coast of Tohoku.
(on August 3 in the Port of Ofunato, August 4 in the Port of Hachinohe and Kuji, August 5 in the Port of Miyako and Ishinomaki, August 8 in the Port of Shiogama, Soma, Onahama)
 
August 15 A traffic route and the locations of entry and exit of pending sections of the Reconstruction Road were determined. 
August 31 The detour of Route 6 (including the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster) was no longer required. 
September 1 The emergency restoration works of the total about 18 km severely affected coastal levee were completed. 
September 2  Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda formed his Cabinet. Takeshi Maeda was appointed as Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, succeeding his predecessor Akihiro Ohata.
September 25  The passenger terminal of Sendai Airport was fully restored (regular international flights resumed).
October 1  The Sendai Airport Line resumed its operations for entire section.
October 19 The design heights of the coastal levees in the prefectures of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima were determined. 
November 19 The first ground-breaking ceremony for the “Reconstruction Road” was held in Minamisanriku.
Subsequently, the ground-breaking ceremonies were held in Tanohata on November 20, Soma on November 26, and Hachinohe on December 11.
 
November 21 The “Basic Strategy for Restoration and Reconstruction of the Ports and Harbors in Tohoku” was announced.The third supplementary budget for the fiscal year 2011 was approved in the Diet.
November 25 The first Reconstruction Road Conference was held in Iwate and Miyagi Prefectures (the conference was held in Fukushima on November 26).
“The Environmental Study Committee for the Restoration of River Mouth and Seaside Facilities in the Coastal Area of Miyagi Prefecture” was established.
 
November 26  The reconstruction plans of each municipality in Iwate Prefecture were submitted.
December 9 “The Environmental Study Committee for the South Seaside Area of the Port of Sendai” was established. 
December 20  The fourth supplementary budget for the fiscal year 2011 was approved in a Cabinet meeting.
December 28  The reconstruction plans of each municipality in Miyagi Prefecture were submitted.
2012
January 29 The ground-breaking ceremony for the South Sendai Bay Coastal Levee Restoration Project was held. 
February 3 A lane at the collapsed slope on Route 45 in Narita of Ishinomaki was reopened to traffic (alternating one-lane traffic). The detour of Route 45 was no longer required. 
February 10  The Law to Establish the Reconstruction Agency was enacted. The Reconstruction Agency was established.
The Reconstruction Bureaus (Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima) were established.
February 14  The Reconstruction Promotion Council (ministerial level meeting) (the first meeting)
February 22  The Great East Japan Earthquake Business Revitalization Support Platform was established.
February 26 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Bay Entrance Breakwater Restoration Project in the Port of Kamaishi was held. 
March 2  The amount of reconstruction subsidy (the first portion) was notified.
March 8 The Bureau chief reported the status in the 50th MLIT Emergency Disaster Response Headquarters meeting (teleconference). 
March 11  The Memorial Service to Commemorate the First Anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake was held (National Theater).
March 18  The “Tohoku Tourism Exhibition” began (held by March 31, 2013).
March 19  The Reconstruction Promotion Commission (panel of experts) (the first meeting) was held.
March 22 The survey and briefing were completed in all sections of the “Reconstruction Road” (total 18 sections). 
End of March The second Reconstruction Promotion Conference (in Fukushima Prefecture on March 21, Iwate Prefecture on March 23, and Miyagi Prefecture on March 26) was held. 
March 27 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Yamamoto (Miyagi Prefecture) Coastal Levee Restoration Project was held. 
March 30  The Act on Special Measures for Fukushima Reconstruction and Revitalization was enacted (officially announced on March 31).
April 1  The designation of the “restricted area” due to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was lifted (the area was rearranged and designated as a preparatory area for lifting evacuation order (an area to which evacuation orders are ready to be lifted), and a residency-restricted area (an area in which the residents are not permitted to live)) (Kawauchi and Tamura).
April 5  The budget for the fiscal year 2012 was approved in the Diet.
April 16  The designation of the “restricted area” due to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was lifted (the area was rearranged and designated as a preparatory area for lifting evacuation order, a residency-restricted area, and a difficult-to-return area (an area where it is expected that the residents have difficulties in returning for a long time)) (Minamisoma).
April 21 The ceremonies of driving the first pile were completed in all sections of the “Reconstruction Road” (total 18 sections). 
April 24 The Sanriku Coastal Road Site Liaison and Coordination Conference was established (MLIT, Iwate Prefecture, and 12 affected municipalities). 
May 18  The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the second meeting) was held.
May 26 - 27  The Tohoku Rokkon Sai Festival was held (in Morioka).
June 4  Yuichiro Hata was appointed as Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, succeeding his predecessor Takeshi Maeda.
July 13  The Basic Policy for Fukushima Reconstruction and Revitalization was resolved in a Cabinet meeting.
July 14 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Bay Entrance Breakwater Restoration Project in the Port of Ofunato was held. 
July 17  The designation of the “deliberate evacuation area” due to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was lifted (the area was rearranged and designated as a preparatory area for lifting evacuation order, a residency-restricted area, and a difficult-to-return area) (Iidate).
July 20 Full-scale use of earthquake debris for the restoration of coastal levees was accelerated. 
August 5 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Collective Relocation Promotion Project for Disaster Prevention was held in Tamaura-nishi district, Iwanuma. 
August 8 The first public housing for the disaster evacuees was completed (Soma, Fukushima Prefecture). 
August 10  The designation of the “restricted area” due to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was lifted (the area was rearranged and designated as a preparatory area for lifting evacuation order) (Naraha).
September  The number of evacuees was reported to be 330,000 (*maximum 470,000).
September 4  “The Governmental Approach to the Evacuees and Municipalities in the Evacuation Area Affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster” (Grand Design) was announced.
September 28  The “2012 Fiscal Year Interim Report of the Reconstruction Promotion Commission” was released.
October 19  The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the third meeting) was held.
November 3 The fast-track ground-breaking ceremony for the Sanriku Coastal Road (between Utatsu and Motoyoshi) was held (subsequently, the same ceremony was held on November 18 (between Miyako and Taro). It was the first construction in the post-earthquake projected sections of the Sanriku Coastal Road. 
November 4 The fast-track ground-breaking ceremony for the Kamaishi-Hanamaki Road of the Kamaishi-Akita Route of the Tohoku Odan Expressway (between Kamaishi and Kamaishinishi) was held. 
November 9  The first meeting of the Nuclear Disaster Reconstruction Promotion Team was held.
November 14 The Basic Policy for the River Maintenance was prepared (the Kitakamigawa River, the Narusegawa River, the Natorigawa River, and the Abukumagawa River). 
November 20 The River Maintenance Plan was prepared (the Kitakamigawa River, the Narusegawa River, the Natorigawa River, and the Abukumagawa River). 
November 22  A “Report on the Reconstruction Status since the Great East Japan Earthquake” was prepared and submitted to the Diet.
November 25 The opening ceremony for the Kamaishi-Akita Route of the Tohoku Odan Expressway (between Miyamori and Towa) was held. It was the first Restoration Support Road opened to traffic. 
November 27  The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the fourth meeting) was held.
December 1 The construction completion ceremony for the Sendai Port IC of the Sendai East Road was held. 
December 7  A magnitude 7.3 aftershock was registered.
December 10  The designation of the “restricted area” due to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster was lifted (the area was rearranged and designated as a preparatory area for lifting evacuation order, a residency-restricted area, and a difficult-to-return area) (Okuma).
December 16  The 46th Japanese House of Representatives election (Election Day) was held.
December 22  A BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) service was launched in the JR Kesennuma line (between Yanaizu and Kesennuma).
December 26  Prime Minister Shinzo Abe formed his Cabinet. Akihiro Ota was appointed as Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourist.
2013
January 6   A NHK taiga drama series “Yae no Sakura” began.
January 10  The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the fifth meeting) was held.
January 19 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Abukumagawa River Mouth Levee Restoration Project was held. 
January 25 The safety prayer ceremony for the Public Housing Construction Works for Disaster Evacuees in Ogaguchi district and Machiyashikimae district of Otsuchi was held.The supplementary budget bill for the fiscal year 2012 was approved in a Cabinet meeting.
The “Task Force for the Acceleration of Decontamination and Reconstruction” was formed.
January 27 The ground-breaking ceremony of the Old Kitakamigawa River Levee and Revetment Restoration Project was held. 
January 29 The ground-breaking ceremony of the Iwanuma Coastal Green Belt Restoration and Reconstruction Works was held.The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the sixth meeting) was held.
The budget bill for the fiscal year 2013 was approved in a Cabinet meeting.
February 1  The Fukushima Headquarters for Reconstruction and Revitalization was established.
February 9 The ground-breaking ceremony of the Soma West Road of the Soma-Fukushima Road was held. 
February 14 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Reconstruction Housing was held in Minamisanriku. 
February 22 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Collective Relocation Promotion Project for Disaster Prevention was held in Rikuzentakata. 
February 26 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Collective Relocation Promotion Project for Disaster Prevention was held in Minamisanriku. 
March 2  A BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) service was launched in the JR Ofunato line (between Kesennuma and Sakari).
March 3 The Reconstruction Acceleration Council was held (Sendai). 
March 7     The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the seventh meeting) was held.
March 10 The opening ceremony for the Yanagawa Road of the Miyako-Morioka Odan road was held. 
March 11  The Memorial Service to Commemorate the Second Anniversary of the Great East Japan Earthquake was held.
March 16     The JR Ishinomaki line (between Watanoha and Urashuku) and the JR Joban line (between Watari and Hamayoshida) resumed their operations.
March 23   The construction completion ceremony for the coastal levees on the south Sendai Bay coast (the airport section) was held.  
March 24   The opening ceremony for the Kamikita Road of the Kamikita Expressway was held.  
March 25   Full-scale use of river and dame lake (reservoir) sediment for ready-mix concrete aggregate was accelerated.  
March 27 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Taro-Iwaizumi section of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
April 1 A NHK TV drama series “Amachan” began.
April 3 The Minami-Riasu Line (between Yoshihama and Sakari) of the Sanriku Railway resumed its operations.
April 13 The earthquake occurred near Awajishima island (the largest seismic intensity of 6 or less was registered: Awaji).
May 10 The Act on Special Measures for Fukushima Reconstruction and Revitalization was revised.
May 15 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Kamaishi-Yamada Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held (the first in the Otsuchi section). The budget for the fiscal year 2013 was approved in the Diet.
End of May The third Reconstruction Road Conference was held (in Miyagi and Fukushima Prefectures on May 20, and Iwate Prefecture on May 21).
Jun 1 - 2 The Tohoku Rokkon Sai Festival was held (in Fukushima).
Jun 16 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Tonosumita-Tono section of the Kamaishi-Hanamaki Road was held (i.e. construction was started in all project sections of the Kamaishi-Hanamaki Road).
Jun 17 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Yamada-Miyakominami section of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
Jun 22 Mt. Fuji was registered as a World Heritage site.
Jun 27 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Fudai-Kuji section of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
July 2 The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the eighth meeting) was held.
July 23 The construction of the sixth Taro tunnel in the Miyakochuo-Taro section of the Sanriku Coastal Road was started. It was the first tunnel construction started in the newly projected sections (11 sections, 148 km) of the Sanriku Coastal Road.
August 10 Restoration of the Port of Hachinohe was completed.
August 12 The highest ever temperature of 41.0 degrees Celsius in the history of Japan was recorded at the Shimantogawa River in Kochi Prefecture.
August 30   Special warning system was launched by the Japan Meteorological Agency.
September 7   Tokyo was selected as host of the 2020 Summer Olympics.
September 12 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Samuraihama-Hashikami section of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
October 1   “An increase in national and local consumption tax and associated action plans” were approved in a Cabinet meeting.
October 6 The ceremony of driving the first pile for the Ryozen-Fukushima section of the Soma-Fukushima Road, or Route 115, was held.
October 7 The second Reconstruction Acceleration Council was held (Sendai).
October 13 The opening ceremony for the Fudai Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
November 3   The Tohoku Rakuten Golden Eagles won the Japan Championship Series in NPB (Nippon Professional Baseball).
November 7 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Tanohata Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
November 11 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Abukuma Higashi-Abukuma section of the Soma-Fukushima Road, or Route 115, was held.
November 18 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Okanyo-Fudai Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
November 21 The ground-breaking ceremony for the Miyako-Hakoishi Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road was held.
November 30 The Odate Kita IC-Kosaka JCT section of the Nihonkai-Engan Tohoku Expressway opened to traffic. 
December 24 The budget bill for the fiscal year 2014 was approved in a Cabinet meeting.
2014
January 17 The Reconstruction Promotion Council (the ninth meeting) was held.
February 1The Third Reconstruction Acceleration Council was held (Sendai)
February 6 The supplementary budget for the fiscal year 2013 was approved in the Diet.
February 7 The Hirono IC-Joban Tomioka IC section of the Joban Expressway re-opened to traffic.
March 2 The Okanyo Road of the Sanriku Coastal Road opened to traffic. 
March 23 The Takata Road (Rikuzentakata IC-Kayooka IC section) of the Sanriku Coastal Road 
March 29 The Ring Road Hachinohe Minami (Hachinohe JCT-Hachinohe Korekawa IC section) of the Sanriku Coastal Road